Welcome to Zagreb
Welcome to Croatia
ZAGREB is the capital and the
largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is situated in the
northwest of the country,
along the Sava
river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb
122 m (400
ft) above sea level.
2008: 804,200 inhabitants
Zagreb has four separate seasons. Summers are hot, and winters
are cold, without a discernible dry season. The average
temperature in winter is 1 °C (34 °F) and the average temperature
in summer is 20 °C (68 °F). Particularly, the end of May gets
very warm with temperatures rising above 30 °C (86 °F). Snowfall
is common in the winter months, from December to March, and
rain and fog are common in fall (October to December).
the longest river is the Sava (562 km). It ambles south of the
main train station.
Public transport in the city is organized in two layers: the inner
parts of the city are mostly covered by TRAMS and the outer suburbs
are linked with BUSES.
The FUNICULAR (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a
TAXIS are readily available with the prices significantly higher
than in other Croatian cities.
As of 1992, the state rail operator HŽ (Hrvatske željeznice, Croatian
Railways) has been developing a network of SUBURBAN TRAINS in metropolitan
TO GET FROM THE AIRPORT TO THE HOTEL:
Free rides - two tram stops from the Ban Josip Jelačić Square in all directions:
Price: The taxi stand is in front of the airport building.
Price: 25 kn (3.4 €)
The official “Croatia Airlines” bus waits in front of the airport building.
It leaves every 30 minutes and travels to the main bus station (“Autobusni
The main bus station is not far from the recommended hotels. When you leave
the bus terminal, the tram stop is across the street.
Take tram no.6 (see the map - Regular tram services), in the direction “Črnomerec”.
Get off the tram at:
the 2nd stop – it is called “Branimir Centar”
(for Allegra Arcotel and for Best Western Premier Hotel Astoria)
the 3rd stop – it is called “Glavni kolodvor”
(for The Regent Esplanade Hotel and Hotel Central)
the 4th stop – it is called “Zrinjevac” (The
Palace Hotel is just across the street)
Take tram no. 6, 7, or 8 and get off the tram at the 1st stop, on your right
is another tram station where you have to take tram no. 13, 5 or 3 and get
off the tram at 4th stop – it is called Miramarska (for Hotel International.)
Tram tickets can be bought at news-stands at the main bus station
(or elsewhere in town) for 8 kn (1.1 €). One ticket is valid for
an hour in one direction.
Useful map - regular tram services:
Ban Josip Jelačić Square, Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square, Dolac,
St Mark's Church, Stone Gate, The Cathedral of Assumption of the
Blessed Virgin Mary, Tkalčićeva street, Maksimir Park & the
City Zoo, Saturday Špica …
HOME AS SOUVENIRS OF ZAGREB …
Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the TIE or cravat, an accessory named
after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks
in the Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century and the BALL-POINTED
PEN, a tool developed from the inventions by SLAVOLJUB EDUARD PENKALA,
an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.
… FAMOUS CROATIAN TRADITIONAL GIFT - LICITARHEART - part of Croatia's
cultural heritage and a traditional symbol of Zagreb. They are
used as an ornamental gift often given at celebrations of love
such as weddings, St. Valentines day, birthdays. At Christmas time
Zagreb is adorned with thousands of licitar hearts; the Christmas
tree in the main square is decorated with thousands of licitar
… PAPRENJAK. Mention of this sweet and peppery treat is found
as far back as the Renaissance. There is mention of its popularity
amongst the early inhabitants of Gradec (now Gornji Grad) in Augusta
Šenoe’s book ‘The Goldsmith’s Gold.’ These small, rectangular pastries
are made using honey, walnuts and pepper.
… ŠESTINE UMBRELLA whose bright colours and patterns reflect the
folk costumes worn in the region of Zagreb.
… MECHANICAL PEN, which was first patented in 1906 in Zagreb by
engineer Eduard (Slavoljub) Penkala (1871-1922). Those pens are
bearing his name and now they are in everyday use. Indeed, the
name of "pen" is derived from his family name, and the
name of "penkala" is also in use today for the chemical
… KRAVATA, THE TIE, LA CRAVATE, DIE KRAWATTE. http://www.croatianhistory.net/etf/cravate.html
Many people will buy this ultimate fashion accessory for businessmen
as a souvenir from Zagreb.
Croatian soldiers served in many European armies since the seventeenth
century. So in the French army in the 17th century, during the
reign of Louis XIII, there was a cavalry composed exclusively of
the Croats, called Royal - Cravate, which existed in the period
of 1664-1789. These soldiers gave the world something that is today
unavoidable in fashion: the tie, called la cravate by the French
and by the Germans die Krawatte - the expression was coined from
the Croatian name, and mentioned for the first time in 1651.
Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialties of national and
international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be
tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta),
štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese
with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and
orehnjača (traditional walnut roll).
enjoy your meal! = dobar tek!
grappa - rakija
wine - vino
coffee with milk - kava s mlijekom
mineral water - mineralna voda
beer - pivo
MARULIĆ (1450-1524), among Croatian Latinists and writers
in Croatian a central place is occupied by Marko Marulić, who
is the "father
of Croatian literature" (born in Split 1450-1524). He was
the most famous spiritual writer of his time in Europe.
VRANČIĆ (1551-1617), among his numerous inventions
the most famous is the parachute, which he tested in Venice.
BOŠKOVIĆ (1711-1787), the greatest and most famous
Croatian philosopher and scientist was born in Dubrovnik, where
he was educated in the Jesuit Collegium.
GORJANOVIĆ KRAMBERGER (1856-1936) was a professor
of geology and paleontology at the University of Zagreb. He
the richest collection of remains of Diluvial Neanderthal people
in the world on a site not far from Zagreb (Krapina).
(JUAN) VUČETIĆ (1858-1925), a pioneer of the scientific
dactyloscopy (identification by fingerprints). Vucetic was
also the one who
introduced the notion of dactyloscopy in 1920, now in current use
NIKOLA TESLA (1856-1943) is equally known by his contribution to
the high frequency technology and wireless communications. The
unit for magnetic induction Tesla, was named after him (Conference
general des poids et mesures, Paris, 1960). He refused to receive
the Nobel prize which he had to share with T.A. Edison.
JANICA KOSTELIĆ -
A.S. World Cup Champion in 2001, 2003 & 2006
(4 Olympic Golds, 2 Silvers)
IVICA KOSTELIĆ - Alpine Skiing Slalom World Cup Champion (3 Olympic
GORAN IVANIŠEVIĆ - Wimbledon Champion, 2 Olympic bronze medals
DRAŽEN PETROVIĆ - NBA Hall of Famer
Upper town - Gornji grad
Down town - Donji grad
Saturday mingling in the center of the city - Subotnja špica
Stone Gate - Kamenita vrata
Trg Petra Preradovića sometimes is called Cvjetni trg (Flower Square)
by the locals.
library - knjižnica
book - knjiga
librarian - knjižničar
street - ulica
way - put
passage - prolaz
museum - muzej
park - park
cathedral - katedrala
square - trg
bridge - most
avenue - avenija
monument - spomenik
exhibition - izložba
river - rijeka
market-place - tržnica
cinema - kino
theatre - kazalište
post-office – pošta
sea - more
sun - sunce
fish - riba
Good morning! - Dobro jutro!
Good afternoon! - Dobar dan!
Good evening! - Dobra večer!
How are you? - Kako ste?
entrance - ulaz
exit - izlaz
Video about Zagreb:
Zagreb inside tours:
In your pocket guide is available in PDF:
Best of Croatia:
Michael Palin's New Europe - CROATIA
LOCATION: Southeastern Europe
BORDERING COUNTRIES: Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia,
Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy lies across the Adriatic
POPULATION: (estimate) (April 2001): 4,437.460
GOVERNMENT TYPE: Presidental - Parliamentary
CAPITAL AND LARGEST CITY: Zagreb
DECLARED INDEPENDENCE: 25th June 1991
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE: .hr
education in Croatia starts at the age of six or seven and consists
of eight grades.
That’s compulsory education. Secondary education
is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools. Croatia has eight
universities, the University of Zagreb, University of Split, University
of Rijeka, University of Osijek, University of Zadar,
of Dubrovnik the University of Pula and Dubrovnik International
OF the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organization
for Security and Co-operation in Europe, NATO,
the World Trade
Organization, CEFTA, and is an elected member of the UN Security
Council for the 2008-09 term.
The country is also a candidate
for membership of the European Union, and a founding member of
the Union for the Mediterranean upon its establishment in 2008.
The climate of Croatia varies from Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast to
continental in continental part of Croatia. Typical
for the coastal areas are
hot and dry summers and rainy winters. The strongest wind on the Adriatic coast
is bora. The inland areas have cold winters full of snow and warm summers.
Weather forecast for Croatia
The tap water in Croatia is safe and drinkable; the beer and wine even more
so… (Wine in Croatia has a long, long history,
see more about Croatian wine: http://www.croatiatraveller.com/Wine.html)
The voltage in Croatia is 220V; the frequency is 50Hz. Plugs are two round
prongs. All is well for continental Europeans but Americans have flat prongs
and 120volt/60HZ appliances.
Before leaving home, find out whether you'll need a transformer or an adaptor
or both. They are not the same thing!
A transformer converts the electrical
current while an adaptor simply allows the prongs to fit in the wall. See a
of plug adaptors and a selection of voltage converters.
Many, if not most digital cameras, laptops, cellphone chargers and other paraphernalia
will automatically switch between currents. All you'll need is the plug adaptor
to charge up your device.
Most hairdryers will need a transformer and an adaptor or they will burn out.
Most croatian hotels can supply you with an adaptor, but not a transformer.
Otherwise you'll need to head to an electrical
shop or buy one in the airport
(a more expensive option). If you only need a transformer for your hairdryer,
it may be cheaper
to simply buy a hairdryer in Croatia (or ask your hotel
or proprietor for a loan).
AND EMERGENCY NUMBERS
There is a single countrywide number for all emergencies: 112
Croatian 96%, other 4% (Italian in Istria and languages of other national minorities
Serbian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, etc.
in residential municipalities of
the national minorities.
The Croatian language is the official language of the Republic of Croatia.
It belongs to the group of South-Slavic languages,
along with Slovene, Bosnian,
Serbian, Montenegrin, Macedonian and Bulgarian. The Croatian language has
three dialects: štokavian, kajkavian and chakavian. The most widespread is
dialect. The vocals of this language are
exceptionally 'clear'. The clearness
of vocals and a rich system of accents (four accents) make Croatian a very
melodious language. That is why Croatian sounds so tuneful to many of those
who hear it for the first time.
PHONE USE IN CROATIA
Mobiles from all the main European operators should work in Croatia, but please
check with your network provider before you
go to make sure. There are public
pay-phones in most towns. International phone cards can be bought in shops,
and at post offices.
International calls and faxes can be sent from most Post Offices.
The country code for Croatia is ++ 385.
The unit of Croatian currency is the Kuna (HRK). Use this handy currency exchange
to check the current foreign exchange rate of the Kuna
before you arrive
OFFICES IN CROATIA
The Croatian Postal Service (HPT Hrvatska) has branches in all major locations.
Most major post offices are open from 7am untill 7pm on weekdays and from 7
am untill 1 pm on Saturdays. Except in post offices, stamps can be also bought
many small newspaper kiosks. To send your postcards home, you have to
find yellow postboxes.
Tobacco products are legal to purchase for anyone over the age of 18. Smoking
isn't prohibited in outdoor public spaces.
Of course you can always take a taxi. Croatia's taxi drivers are relatively
honest but also relatively expensive. You will pay
about 25 HRK/km plus extra
charges for baggage, Sundays, nighttime and a 40 HRK/hr waiting time charge.
Croatia is one houre ahead of GMT.
Most shops are open until 8 p.m. on weekdays and until 2 or 3 p.m. on Saturdays.
Some shopping malls work at weekends until 9 p.m. Public services and business
offices work from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m., Mondays to Fridays.
Basic information about the visa regime between the Republic of Croatia and
all other countries you can find on the web-site
of our Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and European Integration http://www.mvpei.hr/MVP.asp?pcpid=1615
The most important Croatian tourist regions are Istria, Kvarner, Dalmatia,
Dubrovnik and the Dubrovnik area, Zagreb as the Croatian capital and the
continental part of Croatia. Adriatic coast is the main tourist attraction
for good reason - the crystal clear water and 1185 amazing islands.
LOCATIONS IN CROATIA
The part of Croatia that is best known and most visited by tourists is the
Dalmatian coast and its islands in the Adriatic Sea
National Park Brijuni
National Park Kornati
National Park Krka
National Park Mljet
National Park Paklenica
National Park Plitvička jezera
National Park Risnjak
National Park Sjeverni Velebit
HERITAGE IN CROATIA (http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/hr)
Old City of Dubrovnik - inscripted by UNESCO since 1979
Pearl of the Adriatic. The most recognizable landmark that define the physiognomy
of the historical city of Dubrovnik and give the city its characteristic and
world known reputation are the untouched city walls; the walls surround the
city with a total
length of 1940 metres. This complex fortress, one of the
most beautiful and solid fortress systems on the Mediterranean,
of a range of forts, bastions, casemates, towers and freestanding fortresses
Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian -
inscripted by UNESCO since 1979
Diocletian's Palace, today ruins, is a great building in Split, which was made
during the Roman times by the emperor
Diocletian. The building is one of the
most famous and complete cultural and architectural features on the Croatian
Plitvice Lakes National Park - inscripted by
UNESCO since 1979
The series of 16 bigger and a few smaller lakes, gradually lined up, separated
by travertine barriers for which the period
of the last ten thousand years
was crucial, and which were ruled by ecological relations similar to those
of today - suitable
for travertine depositing and for the origin of the lakes
- are the basic phenomenon of the National Park.
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the
Historic Centre of Poreč - inscripted by UNESCO since
The Porec a town, where Christianity was established as early as the 4th century
has one of the best examples of early Byzantine art in the region…
Historic City of Trogir - inscripted by UNESCO
Trogir is a remarkable example of urban continuity. The orthogonal street plan
of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished
by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications… http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/810
The Cathedral of St. Jacob in Šibenik - inscripted
by UNESCO since 2000
It was built on the city's south side were Romanic church of St Jacob had earlier
stood. The cathedral construction began
in the Venetian Gothic style, and was
completed in the Toscano Renaissance style...
Stari Grad (Hvar) Plain - inscripted by UNESCO
Star Grad Plain on the island of Hvar is the largest and most fertile plain
on all of Adriatic islands and the best preserved
ancient cadastre in the Mediterranean