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Enduring Values and Excellence
16 - 21 May 2010

 

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Welcome to Zagreb

Welcome to Croatia

Recommended Trip

Welcome to Zagreb

                                                                                                                                                             Foto: Darko Tršinar

ZAGREB is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is situated in the northwest of the country, along the         Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately 122 m (400 ft)    above sea level.

CROATIAN PRONUNCIATION: ['zâ:greb]

POPULATION in 2008: 804,200 inhabitants

CLIMATE. Zagreb has four separate seasons. Summers are hot, and winters are cold, without a discernible dry season. The average temperature in winter is 1 °C (34 °F) and the average temperature in summer is 20 °C (68 °F). Particularly, the end of May gets very warm with temperatures rising above 30 °C (86 °F). Snowfall is common in the winter months, from December to March, and rain and fog are common in fall (October to December).

RIVER: the longest river is the Sava (562 km). It ambles south of the main train station.

PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Public transport in the city is organized in two layers: the inner parts of the city are mostly covered by TRAMS and the outer suburbs are linked with BUSES.
The FUNICULAR (uspinjača) in the historic part of the city is a tourist attraction.
TAXIS are readily available with the prices significantly higher than in other Croatian cities.
As of 1992, the state rail operator HŽ (Hrvatske željeznice, Croatian Railways) has been developing a network of SUBURBAN TRAINS in metropolitan Zagreb area.


HOW TO GET FROM THE AIRPORT TO THE HOTEL
:

Useful information:

PUBLIC TRANSPORT
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/arriving-transport/publictransport
Free rides - two tram stops from the Ban Josip Jelačić Square in all directions:
http://www.zet.hr/media/46452/zona%20besplatnog%20prijevoza.jpg

BY TAXI
Price: The taxi stand is in front of the airport building.

BY BUS
Price: 25 kn (3.4 €)
The official “Croatia Airlines” bus waits in front of the airport building. It leaves every 30 minutes and travels to the main bus station (“Autobusni kolodvor”).
The main bus station is not far from the recommended hotels. When you leave the bus terminal, the tram stop is across the street.
Take tram no.6 (see the map - Regular tram services), in the direction “Črnomerec”. Get off the tram at:
the 2nd stop – it is called “Branimir Centar” (for Allegra Arcotel and for Best Western Premier Hotel Astoria)
the 3rd stop – it is called “Glavni kolodvor” (for The Regent Esplanade Hotel and Hotel Central)
the 4th stop – it is called “Zrinjevac” (The Palace Hotel is just across the street)
Take tram no. 6, 7, or 8 and get off the tram at the 1st stop, on your right is another tram station where you have to take tram no. 13, 5 or 3 and get off the tram at 4th stop – it is called Miramarska (for Hotel International.)

Tram tickets can be bought at news-stands at the main bus station (or elsewhere in town) for 8 kn (1.1 €). One ticket is valid for an hour in one direction.

Useful map - regular tram services:
http://www.zet.hr/media/58085/tram%20mreza%20za%20web.pdf


DON’T MISS

Ban Josip Jelačić Square, Nikola Šubić Zrinski Square, Dolac, St Mark's Church, Stone Gate, The Cathedral of Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Tkalčićeva street, Maksimir Park & the City Zoo, Saturday Špica …

http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/essentialzagreb
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/landmarks
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/curious

Museums:
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/museums
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/offthebeatentrack/The-Saturday-Spica_4352v

Parks:
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/parks
Squares:
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/squares
Recommended tour:
http://www.zagrebinside.com/citytours.php
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/sightseeing-culture/citytour


TAKE HOME AS SOUVENIRS OF ZAGREB

Notable Zagreb souvenirs are the TIE or cravat, an accessory named after Croats who wore characteristic scarves around their necks in the Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century and the BALL-POINTED PEN, a tool developed from the inventions by SLAVOLJUB EDUARD PENKALA, an inventor and a citizen of Zagreb.

http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=207&l=e&nav=nav8
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/shopping/gift-and-souvenirs
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/shopping
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb/shopping/croatiancreation

… FAMOUS CROATIAN TRADITIONAL GIFT - LICITARHEART - part of Croatia's cultural heritage and a traditional symbol of Zagreb. They are used as an ornamental gift often given at celebrations of love such as weddings, St. Valentines day, birthdays. At Christmas time Zagreb is adorned with thousands of licitar hearts; the Christmas tree in the main square is decorated with thousands of licitar hearts.

… PAPRENJAK. Mention of this sweet and peppery treat is found as far back as the Renaissance. There is mention of its popularity amongst the early inhabitants of Gradec (now Gornji Grad) in Augusta Šenoe’s book ‘The Goldsmith’s Gold.’ These small, rectangular pastries are made using honey, walnuts and pepper.
… ŠESTINE UMBRELLA whose bright colours and patterns reflect the folk costumes worn in the region of Zagreb.
… MECHANICAL PEN, which was first patented in 1906 in Zagreb by engineer Eduard (Slavoljub) Penkala (1871-1922). Those pens are bearing his name and now they are in everyday use. Indeed, the name of "pen" is derived from his family name, and the name of "penkala" is also in use today for the chemical pen.
… KRAVATA, THE TIE, LA CRAVATE, DIE KRAWATTE. http://www.croatianhistory.net/etf/cravate.html
Many people will buy this ultimate fashion accessory for businessmen as a souvenir from Zagreb.
Croatian soldiers served in many European armies since the seventeenth century. So in the French army in the 17th century, during the reign of Louis XIII, there was a cavalry composed exclusively of the Croats, called Royal - Cravate, which existed in the period of 1664-1789. These soldiers gave the world something that is today unavoidable in fashion: the tie, called la cravate by the French and by the Germans die Krawatte - the expression was coined from the Croatian name, and mentioned for the first time in 1651.


GASTRONOMY


Many Zagreb restaurants offer various specialties of national and international cuisine. Domestic products which deserve to be tasted include turkey, duck or goose with mlinci (a kind of pasta), štrukli (cottage cheese strudel), sir i vrhnje (cottage cheese with cream), kremšnite (custard slices in flaky pastry), and orehnjača (traditional walnut roll).
http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=116&l=e&nav=nav7
http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=99&l=e&nav=nav7

enjoy your meal! = dobar tek!
grappa - rakija
wine - vino
coffee with milk - kava s mlijekom
mineral water - mineralna voda
beer - pivo


FAMOUS CROATS

MARKO MARULIĆ (1450-1524), among Croatian Latinists and writers in Croatian a central place is occupied by Marko Marulić, who is the "father of Croatian literature" (born in Split 1450-1524). He was the most famous spiritual writer of his time in Europe.

FAUST VRANČIĆ (1551-1617), among his numerous inventions the most famous is the parachute, which he tested in Venice.
http://www.croatianhistory.net/etf/et22.html#vran

RUĐER BOŠKOVIĆ (1711-1787), the greatest and most famous Croatian philosopher and scientist was born in Dubrovnik, where he was educated in the Jesuit Collegium.

DRAGUTIN GORJANOVIĆ KRAMBERGER (1856-1936) was a professor of geology and paleontology at the University of Zagreb. He discovered the richest collection of remains of Diluvial Neanderthal people in the world on a site not far from Zagreb (Krapina).

JOSIP (JUAN) VUČETIĆ (1858-1925), a pioneer of the scientific dactyloscopy (identification by fingerprints). Vucetic was also the one who introduced the notion of dactyloscopy in 1920, now in current use worldwide.

NIKOLA TESLA (1856-1943) is equally known by his contribution to the high frequency technology and wireless communications. The unit for magnetic induction Tesla, was named after him (Conference general des poids et mesures, Paris, 1960). He refused to receive the Nobel prize which he had to share with T.A. Edison.

JANICA KOSTELIĆ - A.S. World Cup Champion in 2001, 2003 & 2006 (4 Olympic Golds, 2 Silvers)

IVICA KOSTELIĆ - Alpine Skiing Slalom World Cup Champion (3 Olympic Silvers)

GORAN IVANIŠEVIĆ - Wimbledon Champion, 2 Olympic bronze medals 1992.

DRAŽEN PETROVIĆ - NBA Hall of Famer

SMALL DICTIONARY

Upper town - Gornji grad
Down town - Donji grad
Saturday mingling in the center of the city - Subotnja špica
Stone Gate - Kamenita vrata
Trg Petra Preradovića sometimes is called Cvjetni trg (Flower Square) by the locals.

library - knjižnica
book - knjiga
librarian - knjižničar

street - ulica
way - put
passage - prolaz
museum - muzej
park - park
cathedral - katedrala
square - trg
bridge - most
avenue - avenija
monument - spomenik
exhibition - izložba
river - rijeka
market-place - tržnica
cinema - kino
theatre - kazalište
post-office – pošta
sea - more
sun - sunce
fish - riba

Good morning! - Dobro jutro!
Good afternoon! - Dobar dan!
Good evening! - Dobra večer!
How are you? - Kako ste?
entrance - ulaz
exit - izlaz

Video about Zagreb:
http://www.zagreb-touristinfo.hr/?id=151&l=h

Zagreb inside tours:
http://www.zagrebinside.com/

In your pocket guide is available in PDF:
http://www.inyourpocket.com/croatia/zagreb

Best of Croatia:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRgsbm2Y6Sg&feature=related

Michael Palin's New Europe - CROATIA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PcF6inxz-A&feature=related

 

Welcome to Croatia


LOCATION: Southeastern Europe
BORDERING COUNTRIES: Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy lies across the Adriatic Sea
POPULATION: (estimate) (April 2001): 4,437.460
GOVERNMENT TYPE: Presidental - Parliamentary democracy
CAPITAL AND LARGEST CITY: Zagreb
DECLARED INDEPENDENCE: 25th June 1991
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE: .hr

EDUCATION: Primary education in Croatia starts at the age of six or seven and consists of eight grades.
That’s compulsory education. Secondary education is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools. Croatia has eight universities, the University of Zagreb, University of Split, University of Rijeka, University of Osijek, University of Zadar,
University of Dubrovnik the University of Pula and Dubrovnik International University.

MEMBER OF the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, NATO,
the World Trade Organization, CEFTA, and is an elected member of the UN Security Council for the 2008-09 term.
The country is also a candidate for membership of the European Union, and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean upon its establishment in 2008.

CLIMATE OF CROATIA
The climate of Croatia varies from Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast to continental in continental part of Croatia. Typical
for the coastal areas are hot and dry summers and rainy winters. The strongest wind on the Adriatic coast is bora. The inland areas have cold winters full of snow and warm summers.
Weather forecast for Croatia
http://www.find-croatia.com/generalinfo/weather.croatia.html

DRINKING WATER
The tap water in Croatia is safe and drinkable; the beer and wine even more so… (Wine in Croatia has a long, long history,
see more about Croatian wine: http://www.croatiatraveller.com/Wine.html)

ELECTRICITY
The voltage in Croatia is 220V; the frequency is 50Hz. Plugs are two round prongs. All is well for continental Europeans but Americans have flat prongs and 120volt/60HZ appliances.
Before leaving home, find out whether you'll need a transformer or an adaptor or both. They are not the same thing!
A transformer converts the electrical current while an adaptor simply allows the prongs to fit in the wall. See a selection
of plug adaptors and a selection of voltage converters.
Many, if not most digital cameras, laptops, cellphone chargers and other paraphernalia will automatically switch between currents. All you'll need is the plug adaptor to charge up your device.
Most hairdryers will need a transformer and an adaptor or they will burn out.
Most croatian hotels can supply you with an adaptor, but not a transformer. Otherwise you'll need to head to an electrical
shop or buy one in the airport (a more expensive option). If you only need a transformer for your hairdryer, it may be cheaper
to simply buy a hairdryer in Croatia (or ask your hotel or proprietor for a loan).

HEALTH AND EMERGENCY NUMBERS
There is a single countrywide number for all emergencies: 112
Ambulance: 94
Fire: 93
Police: 92

LANGUAGE
Croatian 96%, other 4% (Italian in Istria and languages of other national minorities Serbian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, etc.
in residential municipalities of the national minorities.
The Croatian language is the official language of the Republic of Croatia. It belongs to the group of South-Slavic languages,
along with Slovene, Bosnian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Macedonian and Bulgarian. The Croatian language has three dialects: štokavian, kajkavian and chakavian. The most widespread is the štokavian dialect. The vocals of this language are
exceptionally 'clear'. The clearness of vocals and a rich system of accents (four accents) make Croatian a very
melodious language. That is why Croatian sounds so tuneful to many of those who hear it for the first time.

MOBILE PHONE USE IN CROATIA
Mobiles from all the main European operators should work in Croatia, but please check with your network provider before you
go to make sure. There are public pay-phones in most towns. International phone cards can be bought in shops, kiosks
and at post offices.
International calls and faxes can be sent from most Post Offices.
The country code for Croatia is ++ 385.

MONEY
The unit of Croatian currency is the Kuna (HRK). Use this handy currency exchange converter (http://www.croatiatraveller.com/Money/exchangerate.htm) to check the current foreign exchange rate of the Kuna
before you arrive in Zagreb.

POST OFFICES IN CROATIA
The Croatian Postal Service (HPT Hrvatska) has branches in all major locations. Most major post offices are open from 7am untill 7pm on weekdays and from 7 am untill 1 pm on Saturdays. Except in post offices, stamps can be also bought at the
many small newspaper kiosks. To send your postcards home, you have to find yellow postboxes.

SMOKING
Tobacco products are legal to purchase for anyone over the age of 18. Smoking isn't prohibited in outdoor public spaces.

TAXIS
Of course you can always take a taxi. Croatia's taxi drivers are relatively honest but also relatively expensive. You will pay
about 25 HRK/km plus extra charges for baggage, Sundays, nighttime and a 40 HRK/hr waiting time charge.

TIME DIFFERENCE
Croatia is one houre ahead of GMT.

OPENING HOURS
Most shops are open until 8 p.m. on weekdays and until 2 or 3 p.m. on Saturdays. Some shopping malls work at weekends until 9 p.m. Public services and business offices work from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m., Mondays to Fridays.

VISA REQUIREMENTS
Basic information about the visa regime between the Republic of Croatia and all other countries you can find on the web-site
of our Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration http://www.mvpei.hr/MVP.asp?pcpid=1615

TOURISTS
The most important Croatian tourist regions are Istria, Kvarner, Dalmatia, Dubrovnik and the Dubrovnik area, Zagreb as the Croatian capital and the continental part of Croatia. Adriatic coast is the main tourist attraction for good reason - the crystal clear water and 1185 amazing islands.

POPULAR LOCATIONS IN CROATIA
The part of Croatia that is best known and most visited by tourists is the Dalmatian coast and its islands in the Adriatic Sea

National Parks
    National Park Brijuni
    National Park Kornati
    National Park Krka
    National Park Mljet
    National Park Paklenica
    National Park Plitvička jezera
    National Park Risnjak
    National Park Sjeverni Velebit

UNESCO HERITAGE IN CROATIA (http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/hr)

Old City of Dubrovnik
- inscripted by UNESCO since 1979
Pearl of the Adriatic. The most recognizable landmark that define the physiognomy of the historical city of Dubrovnik and give the city its characteristic and world known reputation are the untouched city walls; the walls surround the city with a total
length of 1940 metres. This complex fortress, one of the most beautiful and solid fortress systems on the Mediterranean,
is composed of a range of forts, bastions, casemates, towers and freestanding fortresses … http://www.visitdubrovnik.hr/attractions/index.php?menu=54&id=48

Historical Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian - inscripted by UNESCO since 1979
Diocletian's Palace, today ruins, is a great building in Split, which was made during the Roman times by the emperor
Diocletian. The building is one of the most famous and complete cultural and architectural features on the Croatian coast …
http://www.croatour.net/diocletian-palace.aspx

Plitvice Lakes National Park - inscripted by UNESCO since 1979
The series of 16 bigger and a few smaller lakes, gradually lined up, separated by travertine barriers for which the period
of the last ten thousand years was crucial, and which were ruled by ecological relations similar to those of today - suitable
for travertine depositing and for the origin of the lakes - are the basic phenomenon of the National Park.
http://www.np-plitvicka-jezera.hr/eng/index.php

Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica in the Historic Centre of Poreč - inscripted by UNESCO since 1997
The Porec a town, where Christianity was established as early as the 4th century has one of the best examples of early Byzantine art in the region…
http://www.croatour.net/episcopal-complex.aspx

Historic City of Trogir - inscripted by UNESCO since 1997
Trogir is a remarkable example of urban continuity. The orthogonal street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine public and domestic buildings and fortifications… http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/810

The Cathedral of St. Jacob in Šibenik - inscripted by UNESCO since 2000
It was built on the city's south side were Romanic church of St Jacob had earlier stood. The cathedral construction began
in the Venetian Gothic style, and was completed in the Toscano Renaissance style...
http://www.sibenik.hr/vodic-eng/sibenik/kulturno_povijesna_bastina2.asp

Stari Grad (Hvar) Plain - inscripted by UNESCO since 2008
Star Grad Plain on the island of Hvar is the largest and most fertile plain on all of Adriatic islands and the best preserved
ancient cadastre in the Mediterranean and Europe.
http://www.find-croatia.com/blog/stari-grad-plain-hvar-on-the-unesco-world-heritage-list/

 

Last update: 12 March 2010